Research integrity is the practice of conducting research in a way that promotes trust and confidence in all aspects of science. This includes the entire research lifecycle, from hypothesis to experiment, through to publication and the formation of the scientific record.
Research integrity is crucial because it ensures that the results of research are reliable and have the potential to be reproducible. Ultimately, research integrity helps to protect the public from harm and maintains the public's trust in science.
The NIH defines research integrity as:
Steneck's shared values of scientific research include honesty, accuracy, efficiency, and objectivity (STENECK, N. H. 2007. ORI - Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research , Washington D.C. , U.S. Government Printing Office, p.3). Furthermore, research integrity includes accountability and respect for human and animal participants.
Researchers can promote research integrity by: